Al-Ghadir has raised a great wave in the Islamic world, and Islamic thinkers have paid a deep attention to it from various angles: literary, historical. theological, traditional , social, and analytical. What interests us from the social angle is Islamic unity. Islamic reformers and enlightened scholars of our era consider the unity and adherence of Islamic nations and sects as the most urgent of Islamic need, particularly under the present conditions when they are being assaulted by the enemy from every side, who is constantly employing all kinds of means to develop old offenses and invent new ones.
Ummah (Arabic: أمة [ˈʊmmæ]) is an Arabic word meaning "community". It is distinguished from shaʻb (شعب [ʃæ'b]), which means a nation with common ancestry or geography. Thus, it can be said to be a supra-national community with a common history. It is a synonym for ummat al-Islām (أمة الإسلام, 'the Islamic community'), and it is commonly used to mean the collective community of Islamic people. In the Quran the ummah typically refers to a single group that shares common religious beliefs, specifically those that are the objects of a divine plan of salvation.  In the context of pan-Islamism and politics, the word ummah can be used to mean the concept of a Commonwealth of the Believers (أمة المؤمنين ummat al-muʼminīn).
This article, by Mojtaba Shirani and Ali Allah Verdi, examines proximity and unity views of Ayatollah Makarem Shirazi in Persian. Continue ...
- Houtsma, M. Th (1987). E.J. Brill's First Encyclopaedia of Islam, 1913–1936. Brill. pp. 125–126. ISBN 9004082654.